What is FGC?
- FGC is female genital cutting
- FGM is Female Genital Mutilation
- Both are also known as female circumcision,
- FGC is the cutting or removal of some or all external parts of female genitals for cultural or non therapeutic reasons done between infancy and 15 years.
- Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
The practice is often carried out by traditional circumcisers, traditional birth attendants, traditionalist, barbers.
- Do you also know that some health care providers perform FGC due to the erroneous belief that the procedure is safer when medicalized. This is a good feature of knowing the so called health worker who is a quack. No matter who performs FGC, it is not correct, it is not acceptable and it is barbaric.
- Any FGC procedure done at home, shrine, worship centres or hospital is cruel and internationally recognized as a violation of human rights of girls and women. It should be stopped immediately.
- Please be informed today that female circumcision has no health benefits for girls and women
- Violation of the rights of children cos It is nearly always performed on minors.
- The practice also violates a person’s rights to health, security and physical integrity,
- Violates the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death.
- It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women.
Do you know FGC Statistics ?
- More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated1.
- According to available data from the Nigeria Demographics and Health Survey (2013), 24.8 percent of Nigerian girls and women aged 15 to 49 have been circumcised, with states in the southeast region accounting for 45 percent of FGM cases; and south-western states accounting for up to 55 percent.
- Osun state has the highest prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in Nigeria with a prevalence of 76.6%, Ebonyi comes next with 74 %, Ekiti has a 72.3% prevalence rate while Imo has a 68 % rate and Oyo, a 65. 6% rate.
- If the rate is as high as this in southern part of Nigeria you can imagine the prevalence in the northern part of Nigeria
- The report also shows that cutting occurs mostly at early childhood with 82% of women in Nigeria getting circumcised before the age of five.
These alarming statistics is unbearable. Therefore, I’m out here to create awareness about this barbaric practice which is harmful. Join me to stop FGC.
Have you heard the Cultural and Social reasons for performing FGC?
You will surely marvel at this. The reasons vary from one community and region to another
- Preventing promiscuity
- Preservation of virginity-noften considered a necessary part of raising a girl, and a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage
- Beautification of vulva – seen as cultural ideals of femininity and modesty. The notion that girls are clean and beautiful after removal of body parts that are considered unclean, unfeminine or male.
- to control sexual urge of the woman so she can stay with her husband without jumping from one man to another.
- Social norm -, Initiation into womanhood. the social pressure to conform to what others do and have been doing, as well as the need to be accepted socially and the fear of being rejected by the community, are strong motivations to perpetuate the practice
- It aims to ensure premarital virginity and marital fidelity. FGM is in many communities believed to reduce a woman’s libido and therefore believed to help her resist extramarital sexual acts.
- Cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation. In some societies, recent adoption of the practice is linked to copying the traditions of neighbouring groups.
- Creation philosophy emphasizes that male and female are created wonderfully, beautifully and uniquely. So female genitals are created perfectly, you don’t need to remove any part for any reason.
- Also note that cutting the woman cannot ensure premarital virginity marital fidelity. Because the female is a human, can decide what she needs or wants.
- FGC is evil done to female folks, stop it now.
- Say No to female genital cutting / female circumcision
Types of FGC
- Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 major types.
- Type 1: Often referred to as clitoridectomy, this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals), and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).
- Type 2: Often referred to as excision, this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora (the inner folds of the vulva), with or without excision of the labia majora (the outer folds of skin of the vulva ).
- Type 3: Often referred to as infibulation, this is the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora, or labia majora, sometimes through stitching, with or without removal of the clitoris (clitoridectomy).
- Type 4: This includes all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area.
- Deinfibulation refers to the practice of cutting open the sealed vaginal opening in a woman who has been infibulated, which is often necessary for improving health and well-being as well as to allow intercourse or to facilitate childbirth.
- posterior vaginal wall (gishiri cuts); introduction of corrosive substances into the vagina wall to cause bleeding or herbs into the vagina with the aim of tightening or narrowing it; above.
Immediate physical health consequences include:
- No health benefits, only harm.
- Immediate complications can include:
- severe pain
- excessive bleeding (haemorrhage)
- genital tissue swelling
- infections e.g., tetanus
- urinary problems
- wound healing problems
- injury to surrounding genital tissue
Long-term consequences can include:
- urinary problems (painful urination, urinary tract infections);
- vaginal problems (discharge, itching, bacterial vaginosis and other infections);
- menstrual problems (painful menstruations, difficulty in passing menstrual blood, etc.);
- scar tissue and keloid;
- sexual problems (pain during intercourse, decreased satisfaction, etc.);
- increased risk of childbirth complications (difficult delivery, excessive bleeding, caesarean section, need to resuscitate the baby, etc.) and newborn deaths;
- need for later surgeries: for example, the FGM procedure that seals or narrows a vaginal opening (type 3) needs to be cut open later to allow for sexual intercourse and childbirth (deinfibulation). psychological problems (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem, etc.).
- Violence Against Persons Prohibition Act (VAPP) 2015, the anti-FGM law, was endorsed by the Nigerian senate on May 2015.
Why FGM should stop
- FGM has no known medical benefits to women and girls. In fact, according to the UNFPA, the attendant consequence of FGM are dire.
- “Complications include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage, tetanus or infection, urine retention, ulceration of the genital region and injury to adjacent tissue, wound infection, urinary infection, fever, and septicemia. Haemorrhage and infection can be severe enough to cause death,” UNFPA says.
- “Long-term consequences include complications during childbirth, anaemia, the formation of cysts and abscesses, keloid scar formation, damage to the urethra resulting in urinary incontinence, dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse), sexual dysfunction, hypersensitivity of the genital area and increased risk of HIV transmission, as well as psychological effects,” the organisation continued.
Five harms of FGM
1. Can lead to excessive bleeding and death of mother during child birth
2. Can cause damage to the woman’s vagina making her lack sexual sensation during sex – loss of libido
3. High risk of contracting infections – Septicaemia
4. Causes menstrual pain as the normal passage for blood flow could have been narrowed
5. Cervical evaluation during labour may be impeded and labour prolonged or obstructed.
7. Withdrawal and depression
Ensure you share to as many as possible to create the awareness.
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